Algerian identity fence

Eighty years ago, a group of Algerian Muslim women took off their headscarves in downtown Algeria, surrounded by photographers and guarded by French armed soldiers. In the weeks and months that followed, this was repeated several times, but each time the number of photographs decreased and the number of troops increased. This was a precedent: the unsuccessful struggle for the liberation of the Muslims before the start of the Algerian war on November 1, ١٩٥٤ in ٣ the French part of the colony in Algeria. This also had consequences: the consequences of the ill-fated colonial practices for the millions of Algerians that continue to this day. Neil McMaster, an English historian who has long taught at the University of East Anglia (UK), describes it in a book entitled Burning the Veil.

Initially, in the year 3, with the advent of the Third Republic and the organization of the colonies after the liberation from the military, all the inhabitants of these colonies were considered French and, therefore, theoretically had the right to elect their representatives in parliament. The European minority of these colonies is furious.

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  1. Burning the hijab and legal trouble

    This resumed with the events of May 4, which led to the collapse of the Fourth Republic in six weeks, with General de Gaulle in power in Paris and the military in Algeria under General Raul Salan, commander-in-chief, and General Jacques Massou the commander of the Paraha. Delegated paratroopers, who were very popular with Europeans. Together with their wives, the two supervised and organized the discovery of the hijab. On the evening of May 2, four Muslim teenage girls, under the guidance and supervision of Ms. Salan (General Salan’s wife), removed the hijab and placed it behind the railings of the General Governorate building, which was occupied by Algerian militias allied with French forces (the Harkis). They were protected, they set it on fire. The burning veil was turned into a catastrophe on the same day by a group of Fifth Office officers upset by the damage to patriarchal relations between the French and Algerian communities. The next day, Sunday, May 9, large numbers of Muslims, mostly from Aleppo in the Algerian suburbs, occupied the city center with the support of French forces, who encouraged them to remove the hijab. s…


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