Eighty years ago, a group of Algerian Muslim women took off their headscarves in downtown Algeria, surrounded by photographers and guarded by French armed soldiers. In the weeks and months that followed, this was repeated several times, but each time the number of photographs decreased and the number of troops increased. This was a precedent: the unsuccessful struggle for the liberation of the Muslims before the start of the Algerian war on November 1, ١٩٥٤ in ٣ the French part of the colony in Algeria. This also had consequences: the consequences of the ill-fated colonial practices for the millions of Algerians that continue to this day. Neil McMaster, an English historian who has long taught at the University of East Anglia (UK), describes it in a book entitled Burning the Veil.
Initially, in the year 3, with the advent of the Third Republic and the organization of the colonies after the liberation from the military, all the inhabitants of these colonies were considered French and, therefore, theoretically had the right to elect their representatives in parliament. The European minority of these colonies is furious.